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在特定的空閒時間後如何自動保存和關閉Excel文件?

在某些情況下,例如將Excel文件保留在共享磁盤上,當用戶仍在打開文件時,其他人將無法編輯工作簿。 那麼,如何在空閒一段時間後自動關閉文件以減輕他人的工作負擔? 本文將幫助您使用VBA方法。

閒置一定時間後,使用VBA代碼自動保存並關閉Excel文件


閒置一定時間後,使用VBA代碼自動保存並關閉Excel文件

要在一定的空閒時間後自動保存並關閉Excel文件,請執行以下操作。

1.打開所需的工作簿,使其自動保存,並在一定的空閒時間後關閉。 然後按 其他 + F11 鑰匙一起打開 Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications 窗口。

2。 在裡面 Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications 窗口,請雙擊 的ThisWorkbook 在右窗格中打開“代碼”窗口。 然後將下面的VBA代碼複製並粘貼到“代碼”窗口中。 看截圖:

VBA代碼1:在特定的空閒時間後自動保存並關閉Excel文件

Dim xTime As String
Dim xWB As Workbook

Private Sub Workbook_Open()
'Updated by Extendoffice 2019/1/20
    On Error Resume Next
    xTime = Application.InputBox("Please specify the idle time:", "KuTool For Excel", "00:00:20", , , , , 2)
    Set xWB = ActiveWorkbook
    If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
    Reset
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_SheetActivate(ByVal Sh As Object)
    On Error Resume Next
    If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
    Reset
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)
    On Error Resume Next
    If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
    Reset
End Sub

Sub Reset()
    Static xCloseTime
    If xCloseTime <> 0 Then
        ActiveWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", , False
    End If
    xCloseTime = Now + TimeValue(xTime)
    ActiveWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", , True
End Sub

3.然後繼續單擊 插入 > ,然後將以下代碼複製並粘貼到“模塊”窗口中。 看截圖:

VBA代碼2:在特定的空閒時間後自動保存並關閉Excel文件

Sub SaveWork1()
'Updated by Extendoffice 2019/1/20
    Application.DisplayAlerts = False
    ActiveWorkbook.Save
    ActiveWorkbook.Close
    
    Application.DisplayAlerts = True
End Sub

4。 按 其他 + Q 同時關閉按鍵 Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications 窗口。

5。 點擊 文件 > 另存為 > 瀏覽。 看截圖:

6。 在裡面 另存為 對話框,請選擇一個文件夾來保存文件,在“文件名”框中根據需要命名,然後選擇 Excel啟用宏的工作簿 來自 除上文所 類型 下拉列表,最後單擊 節省 按鈕。 看截圖:

從現在開始,每次打開此工作簿時, Excel的Kutools 對話框將會彈出。 請輸入保存和關閉工作簿所基於的時間,然後單擊 OK 按鈕。

在指定的空閒時間之後,工作簿將自動保存並關閉。 看截圖:

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Comments (30)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello good afternoon! I would like MSBox not to appear when opening the file. I don't want them to change the configured closing time.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
The Problem is it`s a file with links and every time you start it, it will ask you if you would update it and read only mode?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello
Code works but if i close the file before the time runs out, It will open it again and close. how can i stop the code when i close the file manual.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,

I tested the code and it did not reproduce the problem you mentioned. Can I ask which version of Excel you are using?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi
It is Microsoft Excel 365 MSO (Version 2308) 32 bit.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is my Code:

Dim xTime As String
Dim xWB As Workbook

Private Sub Workbook_Open()
On Error Resume Next
xTime = "00:00:35"
Set xWB = Workbooks("Produktionsbericht - Kopie.xlsm")
If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
Reset
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_SheetActivate(ByVal Sh As Object)
On Error Resume Next
If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
Reset
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)
On Error Resume Next
If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
Reset
End Sub

Sub Reset()
Static xCloseTime
If xCloseTime <> 0 Then
xWB.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", , False
End If
xCloseTime = Now + TimeValue(xTime)
xWB.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", , True
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello
All works at my file but i have a new Problem.
If i close the file before the time runs out, it will open it again and close it when the time runs out.
Can i stop the VBA Code when i close the File myself?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Code is not working if the module is protected, is there any way to get the code run if module is protected.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Chinna,

If the module is protected, the code is hidden and cannot be run. Sorry for the inconvenience.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Perdonen, si se pudiera modificar el código o adaptarlo para que reaccione con formularios (UserForm), porque solo reacciona al estar activo en las celdas pero no en los formularios, gracias
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Moises Peraza,
UserForm does not affect the use of the VBA code. Can you describe the problem you encountered more clearly.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Gracias por responder, el inconveniente que tengo es: le pongo de tiempo de inactividad 2 min. En el momento de trabajar con formularios (ingresar información del cliente), pasado ese tiempo me cierra o me tira el mensaje que se cerrara, espero darme a entender
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi mister, how to view the countdown?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi mister, how to view the countdown?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
(Sigh.)
Have a look at the code.
If you put this VBA into Excel001.xlsm, but, when the timeout occurs, you have Excel002.xlsm as the "active" workbook, then it's actually going to close THAT Excel file, rather than the one you've put the VBA into.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
look below, Mark's comment : "I would recommend identifying the workbook with the workbook file name. This would allow the users to have multiple workbooks open and closing out only the specific workbook that needs to have the time lock.

Suggestion: Set xwb = Workbooks("<file name>")
instead of: Set xwb = ActiveWorkbook

Also, replace all references to "ActiveWorkbook" to the Xwb in the module

Great code otherwise."
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi. I need to set my shared spreadsheet on the office network to auto save and close when I'm done with it for the day. Only my boss and I are supposed to make and save changes, but several managers view it daily.
I need to be able to have it auto save for the two of us, while not saving for other users. Is this possible? Can I set the macro to work only for us? Or will it effect everyone?
I know how to protect the sheet, but I can't do that, because they want to be able to make some temporary changes from time to time. I just need to be able restrict auto save to specific users.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Is there a way to change this so it prompts the user to save/close the file, instead of automatically saving and closing the file?
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