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如何在Excel中查找第一個非零值並返回相應的列標題?

假設您有一個數據范圍,現在,您想返回出現第一個非零值的那一行的列標題,如下面的截圖所示,本文中,我將為您介紹一個有用的公式來處理此任務在Excel中。

doc查找第一個非零1

查找第一個非零值,並使用公式返回相應的列標題


箭頭藍色右氣泡 查找第一個非零值,並使用公式返回相應的列標題

要返回行中第一個非零值的列標題,以下公式可能會幫助您,請這樣做:

輸入以下公式: =INDEX($B$1:$I$1,MATCH(TRUE,INDEX(B2:I2<>0,),0)) 放入要查找結果的空白單元格中, K2,例如,然後將填充手柄向下拖動到要應用此公式的單元格,並且返回第一個非零值的所有相應列標題,如以下屏幕截圖所示:

doc查找第一個非零2

備註:在以上公式中, B1:I1 是您要返回的列標題, B2:I2 是您要查找第一個非零值的行數據。

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Comments (15)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello, my problem is: a have value 1,2,3,4,...50 that are the number of month. How to denormalize month into real datum. Thank you in advance a lot!!!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Does anyone know what you would do if your cell that contains a zero has a formula in it? When I use this formula, I end up with whatever the first column header is regardless of whether it is zero or not.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
E como faço pra procurar o primeiro valor diferente de zero da esquerda pra direita?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello, Matheus
If you want to return the first non-zero value from a row, please apply the below formula:
=INDEX(B2:F2,MATCH(TRUE,INDEX(B2:F2<>0,),0))
Please have a try, hope it can help you!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
What if you needed the last non-zero value in an array?

P.S. This was really helpful, thank you so much!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello, Ali,
To get the column header based on the last non-zero value, please apply the below formula, see screenshot:
=INDEX($B$1:$H$1,MAX((COLUMN(B2:H2)-MIN(COLUMN(B2:H2))+1)*(B2:H2<>0)))
Please remember to press Ctrl+Shift+Enter key together.
https://www.extendoffice.com/images/stories/comments/comment-skyyang/doc-last-non-zero.png
Please try, hope it can help you!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
The formula is super helpful and helped me sorted out the situation! Thanks!!! Is there any chance you may please help to also explain how it works?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
How do you look up for the second,third and fourth non-zero value?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello, Robert,
To lookup the second, third or fourth non-zero values and return their columns, please apply the below formula: (After pasting the formula, please press Ctr + Shift + Enter keys together.)
=INDEX($B$1:$I$1,SMALL(IF(B2:I2<>0, COLUMN(B2:I2)-COLUMN(A2)),2))


Note: To extract the third or fourth result, you just need to change the number 2 to 3,4 as you need.

Please have a try, hope it can help you!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
CAN U EXPLIAN HOW THIS FORMULA WORKS
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello Priya,I am glad to help. I will separate the formula = INDEX($B$1:$I$1,MATCH(TRUE,INDEX(B2:I2<>0,),0)) into 3 parts, and explain the formula to you step by step.
First, let us see the inner-most formula =INDEX(B2:I2<>0,). This formula returns an array of TRUE and FALSE whether the values of range B2:I2 are equal to 0. Please see the screenshot 1, formula =INDEX(B2:I2<>0,) returns {FALSE,FALSE,FALSE,FALSE,TRUE,TRUE,TRUE,TRUE}.
Second, =MATCH(TRUE,INDEX(B2:I2<>0,),0) =MATCH(TRUE, {FALSE,FALSE,FALSE,FALSE,TRUE,TRUE,TRUE,TRUE}, 0). It returns the position of the first value "TRUE", while 0 in the formula means an exact match. We can see that the first value "TRUE" occurs at the 5th position of the array. Then the second formula returns 5. See the screenshot 2.
Finally,  =INDEX(B1:I1,MATCH(TRUE,INDEX(B2:I2<>0,),0))=INDEX(B1:I1,5). It returns the 5th value of the array B1:I1. We can see in the screenshot that the value is "May". So the final formula returns "May". 
PS: To drag the fill handle down the formula to get the rest of the results, we must make the range B1:I1 absolute. So we add $ to range B1:I1 to keep it absolute. 
Hope my explanation can solve your puzzle. Have a nice day.
Sincerely,Mandy
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thank you Mandy for illustrating it in detail.
Kindly guide how to get the last non zero value from same formula instead of first non zero value.
Will Match work for that or not?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi MandyZhou,

Thank you for the explanation!
I have a follow-up question.
How would the formula change if you had to look up the year too?
So in the above example, let's assume that column J is 'Year' and that in cell J2 is written '2015'.
And in cell K2 I would need the column header for the first non-zero value of the year in L2 (year 2015, so I would need to find 'Jun' in cell K2).

Thanks in advance for your help!
Jason
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How can I return the second and third, etc non zero value? Your formula is amazing but I am trying to search more keywords from a text so sometimes they are 2 or 3 in the same sentence
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
se volessi "l'ultimo" Valore Diverso Da Zero E Restituire L'intestazione Della Colonna Corrispondente Con La Formula?
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