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如果特定單元格在Excel中為空,如何防止保存?

例如,您在工作表中設計了一個表單並與同事共享。 您希望您的同事在特定的單元格中填寫其姓名,以指示誰輸入了此表單,否則阻止他們保存該表單,您該怎​​麼辦? 在這裡,我將介紹一個VBA宏,以防止在Excel中特定單元格為空白時保存工作簿。


箭頭藍色右氣泡如果特定單元格在Excel中為空,則阻止保存

如果特定單元格在Excel中為空,則要防止保存當前工作簿,可以輕鬆應用以下VBA宏。

步驟1:按鍵,打開“ Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications”窗口 其他 + F11 同時鍵。

第2步:在項目瀏覽器中,展開 VBAProject(您的工作簿名稱.xlsm)Microsoft Excel對象,然後雙擊 的ThisWorkbook。 見左圖:

步驟3:在打開的ThisWorkbook窗口中,粘貼以下VBA宏:

VBA宏:如果特定單元格為空,則防止保存

Private Sub Workbook_BeforeSave(ByVal SaveAsUI As Boolean, Cancel As Boolean)
'Update by ExtendOffice 20220907
Dim xFileName As String
Dim xStr As String
Dim xStrWSH As String
Dim xWSh As Worksheet
Dim xWShs As Sheets
Dim xWSh1 As Worksheet
Dim xWB As Workbook

xStrWSH = "xHidWSH_LJY"
On Error Resume Next
Set xWB = Application.ActiveWorkbook
Set xWShs = xWB.Worksheets
Set xWSh = xWShs.Item(xStrWSH)

If xWSh Is Nothing Then

  Set xWSh1 = xWShs.Add
  xWSh1.Name = xStrWSH
  xWSh1.Visible = xlSheetVeryHidden
  Cancel = False

Else

  If Trim(Application.Sheets("Sheet1").Range("A1").Value) = "" Then
  Cancel = True
  MsgBox "Save cancelled"
  End If

End If

End Sub
注意:
1.在上述VBA代碼的第26行, “表 1” 是具體的工作表名稱,而“A1是特定的單元格,您可以根據需要進行更改。
2.在你輸入VBA後 的ThisWorkbook,您應該先保存工作簿。 然後您可以將啟用宏的文件發送給其他人。

現在,如果當前工作簿中的特定單元格為空白,則在保存時,將出現一個警告對話框,並告訴您“保存已取消”。請參見以下屏幕截圖:


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Comments (26)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Ciao,
io avrei bisogno di impostare una macro simile a quella di Eduardo. In particolare, ho due tabelle:
'- prima tabella A18:P28
'- seconda tabella A33:P41.
Vorrei impedire che l'utente salvi il file se ha compilato la cella A18 e le altre attigue (B18:P18) le ha lasciate vuote oppure se ha compilato la cella A33 e ha lasciato vuole le attigue (B33:P33). In questo caso, come dovrei impostare la macro? Grazie in anticipo a chi risponderà!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi there,

Do you mean that you want to prevent from saving the file if A18 is filled while B18: P18 are blank? You also want to prevent from saving if A33 is filled while B33: P33 are blank?
Do you want to prevent from saving when both criteria are met, or when either of the criteria is met?
Also, please use English. Thanks in advance.

Amanda
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is not working, it states save cancelled but still ends up saving the workbook
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Note: In the VBA code, the "TEST" is the specific worksheet name, and the "A1" is the specific cell, and you can change them as you need.

For example, your sheet is named as "Sheet1", and the specified cell is B2, you need to change the sheet name and cell address in the VBA code before running it
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I tried above formula which works. May i know is there any formula can force user to fill in before they can save? As i set the pull down menu "Please select", "Yes" or "No" for them to select. But they always forgot to select that field and remain "Please select". If i add this VBA code only apply cell is blank. Much appreciate you can advise. Thank you
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Happy,
Just replace the empty value “Sheets("TEST").Range("A1").Value = ""” to the specified text “Sheets("TEST").Range("A1").Value = "Please select"”And the whole code will be changed as below:
<div data-tag="code">Private Sub Workbook_BeforeSave(ByVal SaveAsUI As Boolean, Cancel As Boolean)
If Application.Sheets("TEST").Range("A1").Value = "Please select" Then
Cancel = True
MsgBox "Save cancelled"
End If
End Sub

This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, I tried above formula which works. May i know is there any formula can force user to fill in before they can save? As i set the pull down menu "Please select", "Yes" or "No" for them to select. But they always forgot to select that field and remain "Please select". If i add this VBA code only apply cell is blank. Much appreciate you can advise. Thank you
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi
I have a VBA code that sorts and filters data from one excel table and save 48 different reports on my desktop. but based on those filters, some generated reports have only 1 row (headers) and no data. How can I add some VBA code to my file that prevents to save files that has just one row (header) and no data?
Thank you
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
HiI have a VBA code that sorts and filters data from one excel table and save 48 different reports on my desktop. but based on those filters, some generated reports have only 1 row (headers) and no data. How can I add some VBA code to my file that prevents to save files that has just one row (header) and no data?Thank you
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
good afternoon, I used the code above and it worked perfectly. my question is what should the code look like if I want to test on 2 cells? I am quite desperate. thanking you I advance for your assistance
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I have a very big spreadsheet that contains a lot of info.
Can someone please help me with a code to copy into VBA - I want it to be that if Cell C2-C1000+ have any info in them then cell O2-O1000+ and P2-P1000+ requires user input - however if a cell in Column C is empty then the cell in Column O & P can be empty as well. (for example) if cell C3 doesn't have any data input then cell O3-P3 can be empty.

Thank you :)
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Yzelle,
Please remember to place below code into “ThisWorkbook” script window, and rename the worksheet name “Test” in the below code based on your condition.

Dim xIRg As Range
Dim xSRg As Range
Dim xBol As Boolean
Dim xInt As Integer
Dim xStr As String
If ActiveSheet.Name = "Test" Then
Set xRg = Range("C:C")
Set xRRg = Intersect(xRg.Worksheet.UsedRange, xRg)
xBol = False
On Error Resume Next
For xInt = 1 To xRRg.Count
Set xIRg = xRRg.Item(xInt)
If xIRg.Value2 <> "" Then
Set xSRg = Nothing
If (Range("O" & xIRg.Row) = "") Or (Range("P" & xIRg.Row) = "") Then
xBol = True
Exit For
End If
End If
Next
If xBol Then
Cancel = True
MsgBox "Save cancelled"
End If
End If
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Private Sub Workbook_BeforeSave(ByVal SaveAsUI As Boolean, Cancel As Boolean)

With Sheets("Sheet1")
If WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Range("A1:A4")) <> WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Range("B1:C4")) / 2 Then
Cancel = True
MsgBox "Please enter a values in columns B and C", vbCritical, "Error!"
End If
End With

End Sub


Just change the range from a to c, and from b to o and p
hope it will help
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Private Sub Workbook_BeforeSave(ByVal SaveAsUI As Boolean, Cancel As Boolean)

With Sheets("Sheet1")
If WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Range("A1:A4")) <> WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Range("B1:C4")) / 2 Then
Cancel = True
MsgBox "Please enter a values in columns B and C", vbCritical, "Error!"
End If
End With

End Sub

Just change the range from a to c, and from b to o and phope it will help
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Do you have a way that this can be coded so that either B or C need to be populated but its not required to populate both?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is really great. Do you know what I can do to make this work for a range of sheets and a number of cells? Also, these cells cannot always be the same, as there are sheets generated in this specific workbook which may not have the same cell needing to be filled each time. The cells will always be in the same column, just above the page border which is also generated. Thanks!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, very useful. BUT there is a problem when I use it for files on the sharepoint. The changes are not saved but a new version is created that is displayed when reopening which is quite confusing. Is it possible to disable these new versions ?
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