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如何自動適應Excel中合併單元格的行高?

在Excel中,我們可以使用來快速調整行高以適合單元格內容 自動調整行高 功能,但此功能將完全忽略合併的單元格。 也就是說,您無法應用 自動調整行高 功能以調整合併單元格的行高大小,您需要手動調整合併單元格的行高。 在本文中,我將介紹一些解決此問題的快速方法。

使用VBA代碼自動調整合併單元格的行高

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箭頭藍色右氣泡 使用VBA代碼自動調整合併單元格的行高


假設我有一個包含一些合併單元格的工作表,如下面的屏幕快照所示,現在我需要調整單元格行高的大小以顯示整個內容,下面的VBA代碼可以幫助您自動調整多個合併單元格的行高,請執行如下:

doc-autofit-merged-cells-1

1。 按住 ALT + F11 鍵,然後打開 Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications窗口.

2。 點擊 插入 > 模塊,然後將以下代碼粘貼到 模塊窗口.

VBA代碼:自動適合多個合併單元格的行高
Option Explicit
Public Sub AutoFitAll()
  Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a1:b2"))
   Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("c4:d6"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("e1:e3"))
End Sub
Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range)
  Dim tHeight As Integer
  Dim iPtr As Integer
  Dim oldWidth As Single
  Dim oldZZWidth As Single
  Dim newWidth As Single
  Dim newHeight As Single
  With Sheets("Sheet4")
    oldWidth = 0
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
      oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
    oRange.MergeCells = False
    newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
    oldZZWidth = .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth
    .Range("ZZ1") = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
    .Range("ZZ1").WrapText = True
    .Columns("ZZ").ColumnWidth = oldWidth
    .Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit
    newHeight = .Rows("1").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    .Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True
    .Range("ZZ1").ClearContents
    .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
  End With
End Sub

筆記:

(1.)在上面的代碼中,您可以添加新範圍,只需複制 調用AutoFitMergedCells(Range(“ a1:b2”)) 根據需要多次編寫腳本,然後將合併的單元格範圍更改為所需的範圍。

(2.)並且您應該更改當前工作表名稱 Sheet4 到您使用的工作表名稱。

3。 然後按 F5 鍵來運行此代碼,現在,您可以看到所有合併的單元格已自動適應其單元格內容,請參見屏幕截圖:

doc-autofit-merged-cells-1


相關文章:

如何在Excel中自動調整列寬?


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<p >


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Kutools for Excel解決了您的大多數問題,並使您的生產率提高了80%

  • 重用: 快速插入 複雜的公式,圖表 以及您以前使用過的任何東西; 加密單元 帶密碼 創建郵件列表 並發送電子郵件...
  • 超級公式欄 (輕鬆編輯多行文本和公式); 閱讀版式 (輕鬆讀取和編輯大量單元格); 粘貼到過濾範圍...
  • 合併單元格/行/列 不會丟失數據; 拆分單元格內容; 合併重複的行/列...防止細胞重複; 比較範圍...
  • 選擇重複或唯一 行; 選擇空白行 (所有單元格都是空的); 超級查找和模糊查找 在許多工作簿中; 隨機選擇...
  • 確切的副本 多個單元格,無需更改公式參考; 自動創建參考 到多張紙; 插入項目符號,複選框等...
  • 提取文字,添加文本,按位置刪除, 刪除空間; 創建和打印分頁小計; 在單元格內容和註釋之間轉換...
  • 超級濾鏡 (將過濾方案保存並應用於其他工作表); 高級排序 按月/週/日,頻率及更多; 特殊過濾器 用粗體,斜體...
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  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Art · 1 years ago
    Dang it, copy/paste bit me. Also, with explicit sheet references the With isn't needed:

    Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range, ByVal dblWidth As Double)

    oRange.MergeCells = False
    Sheet1.Range("A1") = oRange.Cells(1, 1).Value
    Sheet1.Range("A1").WrapText = True
    Sheet1.Columns(1).ColumnWidth = dblWidth
    Sheet1.Rows(1).EntireRow.AutoFit
    oRange.Parent.Rows(oRange.Row).Resize(oRange.Rows.Count).RowHeight _
    = Sheet1.Rows(1).RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True

    End Sub
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Art · 1 years ago
    Thank you, that helped me with a sheet I've not been happy with for years.

    I did change things around a bit, my merged cells are all in one column so I calculated that outside the loop and passed it. I also inserted a Sheet1 that is hidden, and manipulated the columns/rows there so as to not affect the sheet I'm working on. The references should probably be more explicit:

    Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range, ByVal dblWidth As Double)

    Dim dblHeight As Double

    With oRange.Parent
    oRange.MergeCells = False
    Sheet1.Range("A1") = oRange.Cells(1, 1).Value
    Sheet1.Range("A1").WrapText = True
    Sheet1.Columns(1).ColumnWidth = dblWidth
    Sheet1.Rows(1).EntireRow.AutoFit
    dblHeight = Sheet1.Rows(1).RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    oRange.Parent.Rows(oRange.Row).Resize(oRange.Rows.Count).RowHeight = newHeight
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True
    Sheet1.Range("A1").ClearContents
    End With

    End Sub
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    José · 2 years ago
    This not work for me}
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    saravanan · 2 years ago
    not working , ye password set in your code not working in your code
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    dougs · 2 years ago
    I believe the reason that the row heights do not calculate properly is related to these lines of code
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
    oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth

    The variable OldWidth gets set to the sum of the column widths in the range, but for some reason it gets reset to only the width of the first two columns. The first 3 lines of code are therefore made redundant by the 4th line. When I removed the line it was much better, but the other issue I found was that you have to make sure that the font and font size of the temporary cell (ZZ1 in the example code) must match the font and size of the merged cells; otherwise, text will not wrap in the same way as the merged cells wrap and may not be the correct height.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    toowaki · 3 years ago
    I made add-in for Auto fit row height of multiple merged cells.
    Please use this, if you want to autofit row hight.
    [Release Ver2.6 · toowaki/AutoFitRowEx · GitHub]
    https://github.com/toowaki/AutoFitRowEx/releases/tag/2.6.2
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      ABC · 3 years ago
      This is pretty helpful, thanks!
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Krishna · 3 years ago
    I am trying to understand the necessity of Line 19. You are assigning a value again to OldWidth. Can you please explain?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Chris · 4 years ago
    My code will not even run I just get a compile error when I try to call the AutoFitMergedCells - Expected Function or variable?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Aperture · 4 years ago
    Because the "helper" cell of ZZ1 is using the first row (column ZZ, row 1), if there is ANYTHING in row 1 taller than the text in the row you want to adjust, your resulting height will be taller than what you want.

    To fix this, I made the helper cell the same column as the first column in the oRange and set the row number to the very last row in Excel. Hope this helps you like it does me. 8)

    [u]My Code:[/u]

    Option Explicit
    Public Sub AutoFitAll()
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("A2:Z2"))

    End Sub
    Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range)
    Dim tHeight As Integer
    Dim iPtr As Integer
    Dim oldWidth As Single
    Dim oldZZWidth As Single
    Dim newWidth As Single
    Dim newHeight As Single
    With Sheets("Sheet1")
    oldWidth = 0
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
    oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
    oRange.MergeCells = False
    newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
    oldZZWidth = .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column).ColumnWidth
    .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column) = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
    .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column).WrapText = True
    .Columns(oRange.Column).ColumnWidth = oldWidth
    .Rows("1048576").EntireRow.AutoFit
    newHeight = .Rows("1048576").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    .Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True
    .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column).ClearContents
    .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column).ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
    End With
    End Sub
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Retha · 4 years ago
    Thank you for the code. However, the height of my rows do adjust, but now enough. How can I rectify this?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Jeff · 4 years ago
    Thanks for posting this, I'm decent with excel and can usually figure out my adjustments but I can't seem to figure out a fix for an issue I'm having, or if one even exists. I have huge amounts of data in the cells (exceeding the single cell height limit of 409.5). The problem is this VBA runs with that same limitation. So some of my data gets cut off even though the rows are merged and the combined cell height allowance is 819, since the VBA adjusts the cell height based off the single ZZ1 cell. Is there anyway to adjust the code to get it to allow the adjusted cell height to include the available height in the merged rows or am I asking for the impossible? Thanks.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Vivi · 4 years ago
    Works perfect, but rows are too high! Can we fix this?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Hana · 4 years ago
    Brilliant but exactly the same problem as Danielle, rows are too high now. Please someone help!
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Susan · 4 years ago
    Thanks so much for the code. Is there any way to make the macro run as soon as you type text in a field and hit enter?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Viktor · 4 years ago
    Thanks for the code, pretty much what I needed.

    Two remarks, though:
    1) when I run the macro in the same row as the "helper"cell (ZZ1), autofit (line 26) will mess up, because the whole string is fitted into one narow cell. I recommend adding

    oRange.WrapText = False

    in the beginning (or moving the helper cell somewhere out of the way, if possible).
    2) what's the purpose of line 19? You claculate oldWidth in lines 16-18, but then override the calculation in line 19, using only two columns. When I tried the sub on a three-column-wide merged cells, it worked better when I ignored the line...

    Thanks again
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Afshin · 5 years ago
    Thanks a lot for the code! I have same problem with this code such as DANIËLLE_01.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Daniëlle_01 · 5 years ago
    Thanks a lot for the code! It finally works, but... My row height becomes too height. Is there a solution for?

    Thanks a lot!

    [u]This is my code:[/u]

    Option Explicit
    Public Sub AutoFitAll()
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("b162:i162"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("b166:i166"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("b168:i168"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("b170:i170"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("b172:i172"))
    End Sub
    Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range)
    Dim tHeight As Integer
    Dim iPtr As Integer
    Dim oldWidth As Single
    Dim oldZZWidth As Single
    Dim newWidth As Single
    Dim newHeight As Single
    With Sheets("Rapport")
    oldWidth = 0
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
    oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
    oRange.MergeCells = False
    newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
    oldZZWidth = .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth
    .Range("ZZ1") = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
    .Range("ZZ1").WrapText = True
    .Columns("ZZ").ColumnWidth = oldWidth
    .Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit
    newHeight = .Rows("1").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    .Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True
    .Range("ZZ1").ClearContents
    .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
    End With
    End Sub
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      Aperture · 4 years ago
      Because the "helper" cell of ZZ1 is using the first row (column ZZ, row 1), if there is ANYTHING in row 1 taller than the text in the row you want to adjust, your resulting height will be taller than what you want.

      To fix this, I made the helper cell the same column as the first column in the oRange and set the row number to the very last row in Excel. Hope this helps you like it does me. 8)

      [u]My Code:[/u]

      Option Explicit
      Public Sub AutoFitAll()
      Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("A2:Z2"))

      End Sub
      Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range)
      Dim tHeight As Integer
      Dim iPtr As Integer
      Dim oldWidth As Single
      Dim oldZZWidth As Single
      Dim newWidth As Single
      Dim newHeight As Single
      With Sheets("Sheet1")
      oldWidth = 0
      For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
      oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
      Next iPtr
      oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
      oRange.MergeCells = False
      newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
      oldZZWidth = .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column).ColumnWidth
      .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column) = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
      .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column).WrapText = True
      .Columns(oRange.Column).ColumnWidth = oldWidth
      .Rows("1048576").EntireRow.AutoFit
      newHeight = .Rows("1048576").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
      .Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
      oRange.MergeCells = True
      oRange.WrapText = True
      .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column).ClearContents
      .Cells("1048576", oRange.Column).ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
      End With
      End Sub
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      Viktor · 4 years ago
      Hi Danielle,

      I ran into the same problem, when running the macro a second time in the first row. The code uses

      .Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit (line 26)

      and if you run in on, say A1:B1, your A1 cell has WordWrapping set to ON from line 30.

      The easiest solution seems to be switching WordWrapping off at the beginning of the sub. Add

      oRange.WrapText = True

      between lines 13 and 14 and you should be OK.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Dina · 5 years ago
    I have the following entered, but I get an error message "Run-time error '13': Type mismatch" Help?


    Option Explicit
    Public Sub AutoFitAll()
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a8:h8"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a10:h10"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a11:h11"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("b17:h17"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("b22:h22"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("b24:h24"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a26:h26"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a28:h28"))

    End Sub
    Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range)
    Dim tHeight As Integer
    Dim iPtr As Integer
    Dim oldWidth As Single
    Dim oldZZWidth As Single
    Dim newWidth As Single
    Dim newHeight As Single
    With Sheets("Offer Letter")
    oldWidth = 0
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
    oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
    oRange.MergeCells = False
    newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
    oldZZWidth = .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth
    .Range("ZZ1") = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
    .Range("ZZ1").WrapText = True
    .Columns("ZZ").ColumnWidth = oldWidth
    .Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit
    newHeight = .Rows("1").rowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    .Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).rowHeight = newHeight
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True
    .Range("ZZ1").ClearContents
    .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
    End With
    End Sub
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    Joe Dell · 5 years ago
    This code causes additional rows to be deleted. I have numbers on left side and columns next to it are merged/wrapped data. For example, in a Job description, list responsibilities with numbers followed by explanation of duty. Any thoughts? Thanks.